O9. Surgery

In selected patients, a surgical approach may be considered for symptom relief (Benditt 1997, Mehran 1995, Cooper 1995, Geddes 2000, Fishman 2003) [evidence level III-2].

None of the current surgical approaches in patients with COPD provides a survival advantage (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease 2017Benditt 1997). In view of the potential for serious morbidity and mortality, all surgical treatments require careful assessment by an experienced thoracic medical and surgical team.